This past Sunday, the Israel Antiquities Authority said a 5,000-year-old brewery has been unearthed in Tel Aviv. The excavation site is on Hamasger Street, right int the heart of the city.
The find included fragments of ancient Egyptian-made pottery vessels that were used to prepare beer, (see photo below).
The site is currently being uncovered in salvage excavations, ahead of the construction of skyscraper office buildings in Israel’s financial capital. The find proves the presence of an ancient Egyptian population predating the Early Bronze Age (3,000-3,500 BCE).. During the excavations, the IAA also uncovered 17 pits, which were likely used for storage of agricultural products.
“Among the hundreds of pieces of pottery typical of the local culture, we found several large fragments of ceramic basins made in the Egyptian tradition, and used for making beer,” Diego Barkan, director of the excavation for the Israel Antiquities Authority told a recent news article. “These dishes had straw or other organic matter added to strengthen them, a method that was not integrated into local industry.”
According to Barkan, dishes of this kind were discovered in an ancient building in the region of Moshav Ein HaBesor in southern Israel, but the fact that an ancient Egyptian population had lived in Tel Aviv surprised the researchers.
“This is the first evidence of Egyptian settlement in central Tel Aviv during this period and the evidence of the northernmost Egyptian community in the Early Bronze Age,” Barkan stated. “Now we know that the ancient Egyptians also appreciated what the Tel Aviv region had to offer, and were able to enjoy a glass of beer, just like today’s Tel Avivians.”
Archaeologists indicate that beer was consumed by the entire population, regardless of class, gender and age. They are still trying to determine if this was a drink for special occasions or was consumed regularly.
As far as researchers of the Israel Antiquities Authority are aware, the beer was made from a mixture of barley and water, partially brewed and then left to ferment in the sun. Different fruit concentrates were added to the beer, to improve its taste and aroma. The mixture was filtered using special tools.
In addition to the beer, the excavations uncovered a copper dagger and a flint tool from the Chalcolithic period (6,000 years ago). Cheers to that.
References and photo credit:
Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA)